Vladikavkaz (Russian: Владикавка́з, IPA: [vlədʲɪkɐˈfkas], lit. ruler of the Caucasus; Ossetian: Дзæуджыхъæу, tr. Dzæudžyqæu; IPA: [ˈd͡zəwd͡ʒɪ̈qəw], lit. Dzaug's settlement), formerly known as Ordzhonikidze (Орджоники́дзе) and Dzaudzhikau (Дзауджика́у), is the capital city of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the republic at the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains, situated on the Terek River. Population: 311,693 (2010 Census);315,068 (2002 Census);300,198 (1989 Census). Vladikavkaz is one of the most populous cities in the North Caucasus.